type 2 diabetes mellitus

Obesity Linked to Smaller Testes and Possible Infertility

Obesity Linked to Smaller Testes and Possible Infertility

Boys with obesity have lower testicular volume compared with their normal-weight counterparts, suggesting the potential for fertility problems in adulthood, new data suggest. Testicular volume is a fertility marker directly related to sperm count that has halved in the past 40 years worldwide for unknown reasons. At the same time, childhood obesity has risen dramatically …

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Lifestyle Interventions or Medication for Type 2 Diabetes?

Lifestyle Interventions or Medication for Type 2 Diabetes?

Lifestyle modifications are still the foundation of therapy for patients with type 2 diabetes, but in everyday practice, they are rarely successful. At the same time, highly effective medicinal therapy options are available. Should healthcare professionals simply stop advising people to eat less and become more active and instead prescribe one of the ever more …

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Two Distinct Subtypes of PCOS Identified in Adolescents

Two Distinct Subtypes of PCOS Identified in Adolescents

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in adolescents appears to present as two distinct subtypes based on the presence or absence of obesity, new data show. The findings support the “metabolic” and “reproductive” subtypes previously identified in adult women, say the researchers. Overall, PCOS affects 7% to 10% of adult women and is associated with significant metabolic …

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Can the Ketogenic Diet Treat Polycystic Ovary Syndrome?

Can the Ketogenic Diet Treat Polycystic Ovary Syndrome?

MADRID — During the International Scientific Symposium “New Frontiers in Scientific Research” that recently took place in Barcelona, ​​specialists analyzed the role of the very-low-calorie ketogenic diet. This analysis was in relation to three comorbidities that have a higher incidence among overweight and obese patients: polycystic ovary syndrome, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, and type 2 …

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