Psychological problems have become more common in society and appear among all ages, especially young people, as a result of exposure to many traumas and psychological pressures resulting from facing the difficulties of life and the society in which we live. Psychological problems in society include depression, general anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder. In this article, we will explain to you the most important psychological problems in society and ways to protect yourself from them.
Common psychological problems in society:
Depression refers to a wide range of mental health problems that are characterized by a loss of positive influence. People with depression often cannot carry on with their daily lives as usual, as depression may cause people to have a lack of desire to live.
Symptoms of depression include the following:
- constant worry
- Difficulty concentrating
- Feeling hopeless about anything
- Crying for no reason or for trivial reasons.
- Loss of feelings for the beloved
- Constant headache
- Loss of self-confidence.
- Constantly feeling tired and weak
- Inability to make a decision.
How to protect yourself from depression:
- Accept psychological support from close friends and family, especially in difficult periods in your life, to prevent depression.
- Try to raise your level of joy.
- Stress control.
- Belief in God and getting closer to our Lord and a lot of supplications.
2- Generalized anxiety disorder:
Some people suffer from a psychological problem called generalized anxiety disorder , and people with generalized anxiety disorder feel excessive anxiety, frustration, shame and dissatisfaction with the difficulties they encounter in carrying out their normal routines.
Symptoms of generalized anxiety disorder:
- Constantly suspicious
- Reluctance and fear of making the wrong decisions
- Inability to relax
- Always feeling nervous and nervous
- Difficulty concentrating
- difficulty sleeping
- Muscle tension and aches
How to protect yourself from generalized anxiety disorder:
- Seek help as soon as you start to feel overwhelmed and stressed.
- Rank the problems you face in your life in order of importance and priority.
- Avoid excessive caffeine and cigarette smoking, as the body gets used to it and when you reduce it, it causes a feeling of anxiety and tension.
3- Panic Disorder
Many people suffer from panic disorder, which is sudden, short-term episodes of anxiety about certain situations.
Symptoms of panic disorder:
- Constant sense of danger
- Fear of losing control or dying
- Rapid heart rate
- Shortness of breath
- hot flashes
- feeling dizzy
How to protect yourself from panic disorder:
- Do your favorite exercise regularly because it helps relieve anxiety and stress.
- Belief in God and draw close to Him.
- When you feel the onset of panic attacks symptoms appear to you, you should consult a doctor as soon as possible to avoid a worsening of the situation and to avoid recurring it periodically.
4- Obsessive-compulsive disorder:
Obsessive-compulsive disorder is a psychological disorder in which people suffer from recurring, unwanted thoughts or obsessions that make them do something frequently and excessively, such as washing hands or checking things.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder symptoms:
- Intense fear of contamination
- The need to constantly arrange and organize
- Fear of infection
- Fear of hospitalization
- Fear of shaking hands with others
- Feeling nervous when seeing things in order.
How to protect yourself from OCD:
- Exercising, as it reduces stress and anxiety, and stimulates the secretion of serotonin, which reduces depression.
- Get enough sleep.
- Follow a healthy and complete diet.
5- Post-traumatic stress disorder:
Some people develop PTSD in response to one or more traumatic events, such as intentional acts of interpersonal violence, severe accidents, or disasters. People at risk for developing PTSD include survivors of war, torture, accidents, disasters, sexual assaults, bombings, and riots.
Symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder:
- Having recurring nightmares about the event
- Feeling emotional or physical discomfort when remembering the event
- Amnesia for the actual event
- emotional indifference
- Avoid people or situations that might remind you of the event
- Constant feeling of guilt, worry, and self-blame
How to protect yourself from PTSD:
- If you experience a traumatic event that affects your life, you must urgently consult a psychiatrist to prevent you from developing PTSD.
- Recognizing PTSD. This helps you understand how you are feeling and then you can develop strategies for coping with the trauma.
- Get enough sleep, eat a healthy diet and exercise.
6. Social Anxiety Disorder
Social anxiety disorder is characterized by an intense fear of social situations that results in significant distress and in turn affects a person’s ability to function effectively in aspects of their daily life. Social anxiety disorder often affects educational and occupational performance, and social anxiety disorder often begins in early adolescence.
Symptoms of social anxiety disorder:
- Intense fear of getting to know or interacting with strangers
- Fear of situations in which you will be judged
- Fear of others noticing your concern
A phobia is a reaction accompanied by an excessive and irrational fear of normal things or specific people, and the phobia ranges from mild to severe and very disturbing, and these fears can affect performance at work, school and personal relationships.
Symptoms of a phobia:
- Intense fear of something specific, such as darkness, blood, enclosed spaces, flying, etc.
- rapid pulse
- Shortness of breath
- Dry mouth
- upset stomach
- Chest pain with tightness
- feeling of suffocation
- Feeling close to death
How to protect yourself from a phobia:
- Consult a psychiatrist immediately when you feel a strong and permanent fear of something specific.
- You must increase confidence in yourself.
- Avoid caffeine consumption and smoking.
- Confidence that everything that happens to you in your life is in the hands of God Almighty alone.