AB blood type Today we offer you all the information about this type and the characteristics of the AB blood type and everything about it. The adult human body contains about 4.7-5 liters of blood, which is a viscous fluid that transports nutrients and oxygen to all cells of the body. And that through the heart, which pumps blood to all different parts of the body. It also consists of red blood cells, which are responsible for carrying and transporting oxygen to cells and tissues, and white blood cells, which are the main component of the body’s immune system .
The immune system helps the body fight many types of bacteria and viruses that cause infections. It also contains platelets, which play a key role in the blood clotting process that occurs when you are exposed to a cut or cut in the skin. And finally, blood plasma, which consists mostly of water, and is the liquid part of the blood. Plasma helps transport nutrients and water to all tissues of the body.
As mentioned, blood contains red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. In addition, blood also contains so-called antigens. They are the proteins and sugars that are found on red blood cells and give the blood its different type from the other. Although there are many systems that help classify blood. However, there are only two that are used around the world and they are “ABO and Rh”. Where these two groups together constitute the eight types of blood groups that people know:
- A – (Rh negative)
- A + ( Rh positive )
- B – (Rh negative)
- B + ( Rh positive )
- AB – (Rh negative)
- AB + ( Rh positive )
- O – (Rh negative)
- O + (Rh positive)
Blood type is determined by genetic factors, as a person inherits genes from parents. When it comes to blood type, you may inherit A antigens from one parent and B antigens from the other. This means that you will get type AB blood, and so in all other blood types.
At the same time, blood type O does not contain any antigens and does not affect blood groups A and B. This means that if you inherit an O from your mother and an A from your father for example, then your blood type will be A.
In addition to blood type, there is another factor that affects blood type, which is the Rhesus factor , or what is known as “Rh”. It is another antigen found on red blood cells. If the cells contain this antigen, it is considered “Rh+” i.e. Rh positive. If it is not present, this means that the owner of this type is “Rh-”, meaning Rh negative.
Type AB blood is a rare blood type, present in only 5% of the world’s population. This species is characterized by its rarity because it needs two species to be mixed, A and B, unlike other species. A person with type AB blood is also considered a universal receiver, which means that he is able to obtain blood from all other blood types (while ensuring that the Rh factor is compatible and not different). People with type AB+ blood are distinguished by the fact that they can get blood from any other type, whether Rh positive or Rh negative. While people with blood type AB – they can get blood from different blood types provided that it is rhesus negative.
People with blood type AB are advised to avoid drinking caffeine , especially when exposed to stress or nervous situations. It is also advised to avoid all types of smoked or processed meat as it increases the risk of stomach cancer in people with blood type AB. Some health experts recommend eating smaller meals due to their digestive issues and not having enough stomach acid.
While people with blood type AB can eat seafood, dairy products, vegetables and yoghurt, these foods are easy to digest for them.
How does blood type AB affect blood donation?
The known blood groups in the world are 4 different types, which are A, B, AB and O. With a different Rh factor for each group, this means that there are 8 different blood groups, and this means that there are two types of blood type AB, which are AB + and AB -. The following is an explanation of the compatibility of these two types with other blood groups:
|blood type||give to||receives from|
|AB +||Only people with blood type AB+ can donate.||It can receive blood from all different blood types.|
|AB –||He can donate to people with blood types AB + and AB –||It can receive blood from blood types A-, B-, AB- and O-|
The immune system contains antibodies, which help fight any foreign substance that the immune system does not recognize, such as viruses and bacteria. In addition, antibodies can attack antigens that are not in your blood type.
For example, if your blood type is B and you get type A blood, the antibodies will destroy the A antigens that will be present in your blood, and this can lead to life-threatening consequences, so it is very important to pay attention to your blood type before doing a transfusion. blood to avoid some serious health problems.
It is very important to know your blood type, because if you need a blood transfusion or to donate blood, you should know that the difference between blood types can be very dangerous.