Most of us go through the experience of staying up at night and staying up without sleep at some point in our lives, but is this stay up useful or harmful and what is it for our daily lives? You should continue reading this article to learn about all the effects of staying up late on health and the body.
Sleep is not just a biological matter, but also the benefits of sleep are multiple . It has a physiological function. It is necessary for physical, mental health, and for survival. When we sleep, we are exposed to a decrease in voluntary body movement, and a lack of response to external stimuli. Also, scientists believe that sleep is required to strengthen memory and sleep has many functions that help maintain the integrity of all body functions.
Factors that affect sleep:
There are many factors that can affect our sleep cycle as drowsiness or snoozing is directly related to the amount of sleep a person got in the previous day, as if enough sleep was taken during the night in the two days The last two days, the feeling of drowsiness is eliminated in the middle of the day.
Taking a nap at a certain time of the day (eg in the afternoon) affects the human circadian clock which is why we often find that people who take long naps in the day make them sleep late at night which is unhealthy ultimate . Many people find that staying in nightclubs and other crowded and noisy places can prevent our drowsiness but this is very dangerous because it can cause drowsiness after that time while driving or in other situations that require full attention.
Factors causing lack of sleep:
Not having enough time to sleep
All the factors that lead to insomnia
All kinds of sleep disorders
Depression and anxiety
Travel across time zones
Effects and damages of sleep deprivation and staying up late at night:
Sleeping late at night and sleeping during the day can seriously affect our daily lives and mostly affect behaviour, health, education, and mood.
Sleep deprivation or staying up late in general is not getting enough sleep, and this can be caused by sleep disturbances, which can occur during adolescence, as tens of millions of people suffer from sleep deprivation or the intended stay during the night and sleep throughout the day .
Not getting enough sleep causes the following symptoms:
* Muscle soreness.
* Blurred vision.
* Color Blindness .
*Drowsiness during the day and naps.
* Decreased mental activity and concentration.
* Weakened immune system.
* Dark circles under the eyes.
* General confusion.
* Hand shiver.
* High blood pressure
* Memory lapses or forgetfulness.
* Slow reaction.
* Constant yawning.
Some disadvantages of staying up late at night:
1. Diabetes: Sleep deprivation and staying up late can affect glucose metabolism, which is one of the factors that may cause type 2 diabetes.
2. Effect on growth: people who stay up late have a lower level of cortisol at night, which has a negative effect on the part of the brain that regulates pressure, digestion, immune system, mood, sex, etc. At the same time It negatively affects growth hormones, as well as growth in general.
3. Effect on abilities: Some studies have shown that people who suffer from sleep deprivation have lower abilities than people who get enough sleep, and staying up late can affect the body in ways similar to alcohol intoxication, for example, a person who is awake For 17-18 hours 17 has the same abilities as a person who has a blood alcohol level of 50, in addition to the fact that staying up late affects motor skills, and creates a higher level of stress and anxiety, and depression that has risks to health and special abilities.
4. Behavior: Children who are sleep deprived or stay up for long periods of time at night are at increased risk of daytime behavioral problems.
5. Impact on health: There is a strong link between the amount of sleep, and the increased risk of accidents, injuries and physical complaints, as adolescents who stay up are more likely to start using alcohol, nicotine and caffeine and people who lack sleep are often responsible for car accidents caused The driver sleeps for a split second, and lack of sleep at night increases the risk of high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity, depression, heart attack, stroke and many other health, physical and physiological problems.
6. Mood: People who get enough sleep at night are more happy, and have a decrease in feelings related to depression.
Sleep deprivation and staying up late are used as a means of torture:
Sleep deprivation is an effective method of torture, where prisoners are interrogated by depriving them of sleep for several days, as people who are subjected to such a thing have a desire to sleep much stronger than their desire for food or water, which makes them confess and confess to any crime they have committed, so why We expose ourselves to psychological, physical and mental torture by staying up late! .
The relationship of sleeplessness to depression:
About 60% of patients who suffer from depression due to staying up late show immediate signs of recovery after getting enough sleep, so care must be taken to get enough sleep at night to avoid depression throughout the day.
Lack of sleep, staying up late, and school:
Staying up late is common among students because they prefer to continue the night and day to attend lectures in the early morning, and therefore they get a little sleep they need and the student must get 7 hours of sleep a day and the lack of sleep makes students less focused, and reduces their cognitive abilities and All this leads to lower academic achievement.
The effect of sleep and wakefulness on learning:
Sleep directly affects brain changes responsible for learning and memory performance, and studies have shown that people can prove their knowledge by sleeping six hours, because the brain needs time to arrange new information in the right places, and without this required time, the information is not arranged properly. True in memory circles.
So we need to sleep for more than six hours, not five or four, because the sleep cycle has different phases, the first two hours of sleep is known as deep sleep, or slow-wave sleep, and at this stage memories from the temporary storage – the hippocampus – are transferred to permanent storage – in the cortex – and thus become long-term memories. After this stage, it takes approximately two hours to transfer memories to our brain to distribute these memories to different sites and networks, and if we do not get enough sleep our memory will not be preserved properly.
And the last two hours of sleep at night is the stage in which we dream, and this is the moment when the brain turns off from connections with permanent memory and turns towards stored memories.
So we need to sleep six or more hours a night to figure things out, and if those six hours are not obtained, then what you have learned during the day becomes useless.
Staying up late at night and its effect on academic achievement:
Studies have shown that students who sleep late have poorer academic achievement relative to their peers who sleep early at night and have difficulty concentrating.
Also, students who do not keep a consistent bedtime and wake-up schedule on school days, this affects their abilities. Finally, students who stay up and don’t get enough sleep are less creative, more nervous, and less psychologically cohesive; All of these reasons can make them underachieve.